The BOAM system is a diagnostic system and psycho educational system. It can be used as a complementary system to the DSM system.

Briefly: A DSM diagnosis provides a description of a client’s (scientifically measurable) behavior. A BOAM diagnosis provides an explanation (recognized and tested by the client and/or his parents) for the behavior.

The recognition and testing of the explanation is done by the client (and his parents) themselves, using visual models that depict the laws of each person’s psyche.

This offers the advantages:

  • The outcome emphasizes “a state, not a trait”. A BOAM diagnosis reflects a “state of being”, which any human being can fall into due to an unmet need. You can then also outgrow it by focusing on fulfilling the need.
  • When using the BOAM system, the client (and associated stakeholders such as parents) participates in the diagnostic process that develops at the client’s pace.
  • At the end of this diagnostic process, there is automatically a self-proven insight into the cause and effect of the problems.
  • Common language for a shared view of cause and effect has been created during the process by all involved.
  • Sometimes the content of a BOAM diagnosis can differ from that of a DSM diagnosis. This is because, underlying several behavioral problems, the same needs problem can be the explanation. The BOAM system simplifies complex problems in this way. By distinguishing between cause (the need) and the multiple consequences that can be traced back to that (sometimes multiple different behavioral problems/survival strategies). This simplification gives relief and justified hope for improvement to the client and his environment.
  • Because of the own, family-wide supported, insights the client becomes less dependent on long-term assistance.
  • Because of this own overview on cause and effect of the complex problems, the client (and/or the parents of the client) can prioritize which intervention is most useful at which moment.

This provides a fertile ground for the effectiveness of the subsequent practical treatment. Working with the BOAM system in the diagnostic phase prior to treatment has measurably positive effects on the treatment. The duration of the treatment is relatively shorter and the result of the treatment better and longer.

Because the laws of the models apply to everyone, the BOAM system is also highly suitable for use with mild problems and can therefore also be used preventively.


UvA minds is conducting scientific research into the effect of providing assistance using the BOAM system.




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